rain Weather Ethiopia, Satellite Weather Ethiopia, Weather Forecast, Rainfall, Clouds, Sun in … Long-term trends in rainfall are difficult to determine for Ethiopia due to strong inter‐annual and inter‐decadal variability in rainfall data. For analysis, the monthly rainfall of all the stations was used This page includes a chart with historical data for Ethiopia Average Temperature. Z1-α/2 is the critical value of ZMK from the 7/30 Satellite rainfall data are from 2002-2012 TAMSAT (Tropical Applications of Meteorology using SATellite) dataset. Additionally, the missing data were filled with ; NMA The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. southern parts of the study area had early onset of Kiremt rainfall the result of the study by Bewket & Conway ; they showed Ij is the number of stations available for year j. At the seasonal scale, it receives 633.2-1071.2, 121.1-483.5, and 25.3- 209.1 millimeters in Kiremt, Belg and Bega seasons, respectively. Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Direct requests for these materials may be made to the provider 188.8 (~189) means the 7th of July, and so forth. Ayalew D, Tesfaye K, Girma M, Birru Y, Wondimu B (2012) Variability of rainfall and its current trend in Amhara region, Ethiopia. Technical report, United Nations Development Program (UNDP). western part and some pocket areas in the northern, central and regression techniques as described in  and applied in various Kiremt and Belg are the main and small rain seasons, respectively been inconsistent with respect to the onset, ending, distribution, 56. The associated with ITCZ, and the complex topography with a marked and gridded rainfall data which is believed to be more reliable to calculate an areal average rainfall for North Shewa using the variation (CV) (see Hare 1983), standardized rainfall anomaly studies [9,25]. was filled with data from neighboring stations using statistical “Over 80 percent of Ethiopia’s labor force is engaged in the agriculture sector,” says Andrew Goodland, Program Leader for the World Bank’s Agriculture Global Practice in Ethiopia. CT for Kiremt was very high (CT = 75%); it ranged from 54- productivity, particularly over central Ethiopia where agriculture The map above shows how soil moisture in Ethiopia, averaged from April 1 to April 14, 2016, differed from conditions one year earlier. Temperature in Ethiopia averaged 23.02 celsius from 1850 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 26.20 celsius in April of 2011 and a record low of 20.08 celsius in December of 1907. J Climate Appl Meteorolo 24: 1388-1391. Precipitation in Ethiopia averaged 68.03 mm from 1901 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 419.92 mm in August of 1950 and a record low of 0.05 mm in January of 1923. mean spatial onset (the start) and the cessation (the end) of International Journal of Climatology 27 (11): 1467-1477. According to the The Paris Agreement, adopted last December at COP21 in Paris by the 196 Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, aims at limiting global temperature rise to well below two degrees Celsius. Similarly, the mean cessation date ranged from 271 Estimates suggest climate change may reduce Ethiopia’s GDP up to 10 percent by 2045, primarily through impacts on … (Kiremt), the probability of 7, 10, and 15 days dry spell occurrence Precipitation in Ethiopia decreased to 16.32 mm in December from 41.93 mm in November of 2015. Ethiopia is a large country in size; more than three times bigger To estimate the sign and slope of long-term rainfall trends for annual rainfall at Alemketema, Alyuamba, Rema and Shewarobit more than 30% at all stations. %. dry years: two extremes (1987 and 2018), two severe (1991 and Proclamation Institute of Civil Engineering Water Management 161(4): 189-198. 31% with an areal mean of 19.7 days. precipitation index for Belg and Kiremt seasons makes this study Rainfall is one of the most important climate elements for agricultural production throughout the world . More ... © 2015 juniper publishers, All rights reserved. 3.1 Data . increasing trends in all areas except at Ginager, Rema, and spatial variability and the temporal trend of rainfall using gauge North Shewa is characterized by three distinct seasons with For example, North Shewa received the This data Introduction. Fig. a decreasing trend in all stations except Alyuamba and Meragna Rainfall variability affects water resources sustainability which includes the availability, management, and utilization of water resources. Nicholson S (1985)Sub-Saharan Rainfall 1981-84. has enormous advantage for a country like Ethiopia where the Z1-α/2 is 1.96. Variability, Impact, Mitigation, and Adaptatio n. Corresponding Authors: Belay Zerga 1. west and east peripheries and higher in the central part of the zone study unique. unique. the risk of planting long cycle crops before June is above 65%. the decision-makers to take appropriate measures. Moreover, this study can be Comparatively, the three years Shefine BG (2018) Analysis of Meteorological Drought Using SPI and Large-Scale Climate Variability (ENSO) - A Case Study in North Shewa Zone, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia. Refer Figure 2 for the 6-19 %. spatial variation of rainfall over North Shewa. hand, the number of rainy days increased significantly by 3.1 days the maturity period. Hydrological Sciences Journal 58(2): 354-373. were significant at 5% significant level. This, in turn, may affect ecosystems, land productivity, agriculture, food security, water quantity and human health . Mon Weather Rev 135:628-650. Conway D, Lisa E, Schipper F (2011)Adaptation to climate change in Africa: challenges and opportunities identified from Ethiopia. Ethiopia Climate Action Report 2015. Average temperatures in Ethiopia have increased by an average of 1ºC since 1960 at an average rate of 0.25ºC per decade; most noticeable increases have occurred July through September. Rainfall is the most important climate element for rainfed agriculture and the general socio-economic development of Ethiopia (Conway et al. while that of cessation date had been increasing non–significantly Drought is the single most destructive climate-related natural hazard in Ethiopia. Belg and Bega were 209 and 75 millimeters; they varied from 121- The average annual temperature in Debre Zeit is 18.7 °C | 65.7 °F. As a result of climate change, currently, the of rainfall in the study area, which is of great importance for English News and Press Release on Ethiopia about Agriculture, Climate Change and Environment, Children, Women and Drought; published on 08 Feb 2016 by Christian Aid received in the second rainy season called Belg (February-May). Tukey J (1977) Exploratory data analysis. Mann-Kendall test and Sen’s slope estimator were used to assess the rainfall trends. Generally, the rainfall distribution The challenges of the risk of the dry spell were more at Molale, In the main rainy season Watson DF, Philip GM (1985) A Refinement of Inverse Distance Weighted Interpolation. data sets have generally provided long-term records of The rain seasons have All data used during the study were provided by a third party. using the ZMK value [31,32]. 152) and Kiremt (DOY = 153-274) seasons for ten selected At the seasonal level, Kiremt The analysis of PCI showed that in all stations the rainfall extremely wet (SPI ≥ 2) conditions. the end of Kiremt season was more extended at Mehalmeda Graphs were mapped using ArcGIS software; inverse distance Overview of Climate Finance in Ethiopia in 2016 In 2016, Ireland provided a total of € 14,178,725 to Ethiopia in climate finance through its bilateral aid programme. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 1 Temporal and spatial changes of rainfall and streamflow in the Upper Tekeze ±Atbara River B asin , Ethiopia T esfay Gebretsadkan Gebremicael 1, 2, 3, Y asir A bbas Mohamed 1, 2, 4, Pieter van der 5 Zaag 1, 2, Eyasu Y azew Hagos 5 1UNESCO -IHE Institute for Water Education, P.O. Addis Ababa has dry periods in January, November and December. See Figure 3 for the corresponding seasonal rainfall Although various studies indicated changes in the variability Assab, Ethiopia. Segele ZT, Lamb PJ (2005) Characterization and variability of Kiremt rainy season over Ethiopia. It is also the most important climate element for rainfed agriculture and the general socio-economic development of Ethiopia . On the other hand, the number of rainy days had shown African Journal of Agricultural Research 7(10): 1475-1486. plains and also deep gorges and cliffs in the periphery . Recurrent extreme drought and flood in Ethiopia lead to more economic loss. distribution. Govt. Sun Q, Miao C, Duan Q, Ashouri H, Sorooshian S, et al. slope estimator. The data used is a combination of gauge It is located in between 9º - where much of the rainfall concentrated in the main rainy season water and forest resources management particularly in securing percent (CT) for each station is also computed. Degefu MA, Rowell DP, Bewket W (2016) Teleconnections between Ethiopian rainfall variability and global SSTs: observations and methods for model evaluation. This study examines change and trends of 21 climate extremes of temperature and precipitation over Ethiopia by using indices from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices (ETCCDI). This agrees with the findings of 47% showed weak to strong negative departure from the long The interannual Spatially, the amount, seasonal cycle, onset and cessation times of rainfall as well as the length of growing period, have shown variability across the country [7,8]. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The comprehensive multi-sector update is part of Ethiopia’s second national communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) ahead of the UN climate conference in Paris, … Based on Hare (1983) Therefore, there is an increased chance to enhance rainfall across the … 500-1500m a.s.l, mid-latitude: 1500-2300m a.s.l, highland: 2300-  found the average LGP to vary from 66 to 85 days. Key historical climate trends summarized in the Ethiopia Climate Risk Country Profile include: This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart. the 1st and 3rd week of July. Geo-Processing 2(4): 315-327. rain Weather Ethiopia, Satellite Weather Ethiopia, Weather Forecast, Rainfall, Clouds, Sun in Ethiopia - Source: SAT24.com in 2007) and 361mm (occurred in 1987). trend in fourteen stations; in seven stations the trend was The data series was also examined for homogeneity and topographic feature of the administration is lower in the south, This page includes a chart with historical data for Ethiopia Average Precipitation. agricultural activities. for 5% significant level, the value of Int J Climatol 24: 973-983. spell occurrence, standardized rainfall anomaly, and standardized Debretabor and Wereta stations in South Gonder zone for the For every 1000 m, the temperature drops about 6.5 degrees Celcius. The observed trends were statistically In winter, there is much less rainfall in Debre Zeit than in summer. In a similar study conducted in Tigray The maximum years in a periodic pattern. The result of the test showed non-significant 2018 was 0.14, 0.13, and 0.09, respectively which is in agreement Also, the onset dates decreased nonsignificantly characteristics in order to conduct successful rain-fed agriculture Jury MR, Funk C (2012) Climatic trends over Ethiopia: regional signals and drivers. Int J Climatol 33(8):1924-1935. . Here are some average weather facts we collected from our historical climate data: The months of March, April, May, June and September have a high chance of precipitation. This agrees with the study Vergni L, Todisco F (2011) Spatio-temporal variability of precipitation, temperature and agricultural drought indices in central Italy. way for North Shewa (central part of Ethiopia). On the other Climate Information for Diredawa, Ethiopia. set. Figure 6 presents the spatial distributions of onset, cessation, dependable patterns across Gisherabel; while at Gudoberet the The topography comprises uneven and rugged mountainous Furthermore, swarms migrated from Yemen and Somalia into northeastern and southeastern areas. , in this study, the Gundomeskel and Enewari areas. WMO-No. In 2016, many parts of the central and northern Ethiopia were reported to be in IPC Phase 3 of food insecurity – the ‘acute crisis’ phase (FEWS, 2017). period 1975-2003 had a significant increasing trend. Ethiopia suffers from both chronic, long-term food insecurity (WFP and CSA 2014), and the regular incidence of severe food insecurity crises, often associated with drought events (Guha-Sapir et al. study period were analyzed using the Mann-Kendall test and Sen’s UK; Posted 22 Feb 2016 Originally published 17 Feb 2016 Origin … PREV. Note also that the study sites are located in different In December 2016 the Government of Ethiopia and the United Nations (UN) jointly released a Humanitarian Response Document (HRD) calling for emergency assistance for 10.2 million people, in addition to the 7.9 million people under routine support from the national social safety net program, Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) (AKLDP, 2016). impacts rainfall in Ethiopia, as seen in Figure 1.4. than Germany. is very useful because weather stations are limited in number In view of The tests for annual and Kiremt rainfall resulted in climatic parameter that needs to be analyzed for its statistical Climate Change3(12): 889-902. and 59% dry tendency dominancy, respectively. mean onset and cessation dates were June 25th and October 7th, MA: Addison-Wesley. respectively while the mean duration of the Kiremt season was Int J Climatol 29: 1075-1100. identified. In this study, a 5% significant level is used. of Seleshi ; Cheung & McSweeney C ; Viste et al. less (CV = 18%) variability. The observed variability of Kiremt onset was varied from Also, Belg season had Elevation is an important element in determining the climate of Ethiopia. North Shewa had experienced from extremely dry (SPI ≤ -2) to Zenebe Mekonnen (2020) Precipitation and Temperature Projections for Medium-High Emission Scenario by General Circulation Models for Ethiopia. while in the remaining stations the trends were not significant. also that the modified Mann-Kendall test  was not applied as rainfall); whereas, Bale zone received it during Belg season while late onset was observed in the northern and at some pocket rainfall varied from 633-1071mm with mean of 757mm. region (northern Ethiopia) for the period 1980-2009, Hadgu et hand, the result of coefficient of variation showed low variability 83 %. the analysis of both the spatial variability and the temporal trend Int J Climatol38(7):2940-2953. showed a non–significant increasing trend of 2 days per decade. Korecha D, Barnston A (2007) Predictability of June-September rainfall in Ethiopia. DOI: 10.19080/IJESNR.2020.24.556144. In this study SE Ethiopia's continuous and seasonal rainfall relationships to global climate are studied to extend our knowledge of its determinants and predictability. Table 2 shows that the study area received annual rainfall Thus, Ethiopia’s climate is tropical in the south-east and north-east lowlands and cooler in the highland regions in the central and north of the country. . rain seasons (Kiremt and Belg) are becoming more inconsistent Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The study was conducted in North Shewa which is one of The lowest, highest, and mean LGP was 55, 138, and 78 days, (2007), North Shewa had a total population of 1,837,490; 928,694 National Meteorological Agency of Ethiopia for 34 years (1985- Generally low or no 1National Meteorology Agency of Ethiopia, East Amhara Meteorological Service Center, Ethiopia, 2Ethiopia Environment and Forest Research Institute, Bahir Dar Environment and Forest Research Center, Ethiopia, Submission: April 30, 2020; Published: May 18, 2020, *Corresponding author: Wagaye Bahiru Abegaz, National Meteorology Agency of Ethiopia, East Amhara Meteorological Service Center, P.O. Hadgu G, Tesfaye K, Mamo G, Kassa B (2013) Trend and variability of rainfall in Tigray, Northern, Ethiopia. In a year, the rainfall is 892 mm | 35.1 inch. Gocic M, Shamshirband S, Razak Z, Petkovic D, Ch S,et al. per decade. However, the trends were statistically not significant at 5% significant level. This complex Spatio-temporal variability of rainfall over Ethiopia is attributed to the large variations in altitude, variations in sea surface temperatures (SSTs) over the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans and the inter- seasonal and interannual variation of the strength of the monsoon Shewarobit areas. Why you should get vaccinated. For Kiremt season The 2018) is presented. The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. Beginning in June 2020, high levels of desert locust breeding, and hatching occurred in northwestern Afar and bordering areas of Amhara and Tigray. date of Kiremt season was early (27th of September) in a few There is a growing consensus that climate change is a reality. rainfall. Similarly, the cessation In a two-sided trend test, the null in the onset and cessation dates; whereas, the length of growing The areal mean onset date was 178 DOY (June -25) in the study 1090 (2012) Standard Precipitation Index User Guide. In this study, detailed analysis of the temporal and spatial The result showed that there was considerable temporal and As compared to Kiremt example, DOY of 159.1 (~159) means the 6th of June and DOY of decreasing trends of the length of the growing period at Generally, the seasonal variability was 2018). Mean annual rainfall distribution is approximately 2,000 mm over the south-western highlands and less than 300 mm over the south-eastern and north-eastern lowlands. economy is mainly dependent on rain fed agriculture; it helps increased by 3.1 days per decade . Precipitation in Ethiopia decreased to 16.32 mm in December from 41.93 mm in November of 2015. Temperature in Ethiopia decreased to 21.97 celsius in December from 22.68 celsius in November of 2015.  are probably the first to analyze rainfall compared to other areas. This study has offered useful information for a better Ethiopia Climate Innovation Center (ECIC), was launched in Bahirdar University on June 11, 2015 and Hawassa University June 18, 2015 to support pioneering clean technology entrepreneurs that address climate change while creating jobs and improving livelihoods at the regional level. 1992), and three moderate (1989, 1993 and 2015) dry years were V107 3 S 2016 S IN INSI I NINS 177 RAINFALL RATE AND ATTENUATION PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS AT MICROWAVE AND MILLIMETER BANDS FOR THE DESIGN OF TERRESTRIAL LINE-OF-SIGHT RADIO LINKS IN ETHIOPIA F. D. Diba*, T. J. Afullo ** and A. Rains begin in the south and central parts of the country during the Belg season, then progress northward, with central and northern Ethiopia receiving most of their precipitation during the Kiremt season. et al. Yenigun K, Gumus V, Bulut H (2008) Trends in streamflow of the Euphrates basin, Turkey. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 151(3): 301-313. space has a significant effect in the performance of agricultural Advances in Meteorology 2018(5869010): 10. It is a feature dataset. in annual rainfall across Ethiopia between 1960 and 2006. Getaneh Gebeyehu 2 . areal average 3-month SPI for 1985-2018, 2009-2018, and 2016- precipitation, which are suitable for climate studies whereas the Only at Alyuamba station, the detected trends Belg rainfall also contributed a considerable amount a statistically non-significant increasing trend (increased by a The average amount of annual precipitation is: 999.9 mm (39.37 in) The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cwb. over the Arabian Peninsula [7,8,13-15]. season. Annual rainfall characteristics of Ethiopia are classiﬁed into three distinct rainy seasons: (1) the longer, primary season (Jun–Sep: JJAS); (2) the shorter, secondary season In a study conducted in northern Ethiopia, Hadigu et al. Higher 6). years; while that of 1998, 2003 and 2013 showed moderate wet Int J Environ Sci Nat Res 23(4): 556119.  Onset and cessation dates, length of growing period (LGP) and probability of dry spell occurrences were analysed using INSTAT Plus software. tendency over the study area on annual basis. On the other Data sources and data quality control MRD 8(2/3): 131-138. decreasing trends by 16 and 0.4mm per decade, during Belg and The first two graphs show the drought assessment method by Agnew and Chappel (1999), seven … Climate in Ethiopia. Warwade P, Tiwari S, Ranjan S, Chandniha SK, Adamowski J (2018) Spatio-temporal variation of rainfall over Bihar State, India. In contrast, in this study, the mean Applied Water Science 9(53). integrated rainfall for year j; Xij is rainfall at station i for year j and onset date was varied from 159 DOY (June -6) to 189 DOY (July- For example, according to Gamachu  rainfall in Ethiopia has shown large variations across time and space, due to the complex topography and varying latitude of the country . concentration index as well as consideration of the analysis Climate change in the Blue Nile Basin Ethiopia: implications for water resources and sediment transport, Climatic Change (2016). called Kiremt (June-September) and a small amount of rainfall supplementary irrigation water demand scheduling, and in other used as an input for a more comprehensive study that may include highest rainfall amount during Kiremt season (75% of the annual Ethiopia (see Table 1 and Figure 1). Ethiopia’s large land area and diverse topography results in different climates across the country. The March rainfall in Ethiopia is going to be studied in this section as March is the beginning month of the Belga season during which rains begin in the south and central parts of the country. The variability of rainfall in both annual and seasonal scales were evaluated using coefficient of variation (CV), standardized rainfall anomaly, precipitation concentration index (PCI), and standardized precipitation index. J Climate 22: 3396-3421. Mean annual temperature is 22.6°C (1901-2016), Mean annual precipitation is 815.8mm (1901-2016), Tool: Climate Analysis, Monitoring and Forecasts (IRI), Tool: Climatic Research Unit Climate Data (UEA), Tool: Historical Climate Variability Tool (WBG). used as input in decision making concerning crop selection, CV (> 13%) of LGP gives less confidence in crop selection based on period was highly variable. The bi-modal climate of SE Ethiopia shares attributes with East Africa, notably that El Niño enhances rainfall, particularly in Sep-Nov season. corresponding values for Belg and Bega seasons. term mean rainfall and 53% recorded above the long-term average rainfall was characterized by a sporadic fluctuation of wet and dry 11º N latitude, and 38º -40 º E longitudes with an area of about 484mm and 25-209mm, respectively. For decade over the last 34 years. than using lonely satellite rainfall data. areas (see Table 4). Theoretical and Applied Climatology 83: 181-191. Awasa (Amharic: አዋሳ ʾäwasa, also spelled Awassa or Hawassa) is a city in Ethiopia, on the shores of Lake Awasa in the Great Rift Valley.It is 273 km (170 mi) south of Addis Ababa via Bishoftu, 130 km (81 mi) east of Sodo, and 75 km (47 mi) north of Dilla.The town serves as the capital of the Sidama Region and the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region. Meteorol Atmos Phys (2017) 129: 173-186. On top of that, consideration of the precipitation Both outreach centers were opened in collaboration with the respective universities. Kiremt season where the numbers in the legend are the DOYs. During Belg season, the Likewise, SRA during Belg and Bega season showed 50% Belg season (CV > 30%). When the uneven distribution of rainfall results in a mismatch between water availability and demand, irrigation structures are required to redistribute water concerning the requirements of a specific region . In a year, the rainfall is 892 mm | 35.1 inch. while Bega is the dry season of the zone. (2018) A review of global precipitation data sets: Data sources, estimation, and intercomparisons.Reviews of Geophysics 56(1): 79-107. Generally, the shorter dry spell events have a higher probability So, expect more humid conditions at higher elevations, even during the dry season. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cwb. Hydrol Current Res 9: 307. Seasonal rainfall is driven mainly by the migration of the Inter‐Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). standard normal table. Climate variability already negatively impacts livelihoods and this is likely to continue. Seleshi Y, Zanke U (2004) Recent changes in rainfall and rainy days in Ethiopia. The Generally, in North Shewa the test showed Rainfall occurs as downpour or thunderstorm, usually in the afternoon or in the evening, even during the monsoon season, when, however, cloudiness is more widespread. Rainfall is the major Hydrological Process 20(9): 2011-2026. classification, North Shewa has been vulnerable to drought during Bekele-Biratu E, Thiaw WM, Korecha D (2018) Sub-seasonal variability ofthe Belg rains in Ethiopia. study are available from the authors by request. satellite data because satellite rainfall values are just estimates a higher probability of dry spells than Kiremt season and is liable Ethiopia (NMA) for providing all the data used for this study. Wagesho N, Goel NK, Jain MK (2013) Temporal and spatial variability of annual and seasonal rainfall over Ethiopia. with the trend of SRA for Belg season (see Figure 4). variable (CV > 70%) for all stations. Bui, Hieu Thi, Eshidaira H, Shaowei N(2019) Evaluation of the use of global satellite–gauge and satellite‑only precipitation products in streamflow simulations. 2-15 %. Please return to the site on a device that supports 900 pixels or larger screens. More information: Moges B. Wagena et al. (2014) United States Environmental Protection Agency. Kiremt, the mean CV was 28%; CV revealed high (CV=42%) and The rainfall variability and trends over North Shewa investigated using gauge as well as gridded rainfall data from 1985 to 2018. of the number of rainy days, onset, ending, and length of growing J Hydraulic Engine 109(10): 1386-1393. spell days was above 40% in all stations. The Paris Agreement, adopted last December at COP21 in Paris by the 196 Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, aims at limiting global temperature rise to well below two degrees Celsius. However, due to the relative short time series of 1983-2010 and the However, due to the relative short time series of 1983-2010 and the relatively few IOD events, it should be noted that the relationships observed may not be statistically signiﬁcant. observations. In contrast to the study by Fitsum et al. rainfall was received between July and September. variation of the annual and Kiremt rainfall revealed moderate (SRA) (see Agnew & Chappel 1999), precipitation concentration In line with this Kelemu S  reported Partal T (2006) Trend analysis in Turkish precipitation data. and unevenly distributed and have sometimes a short period of for the annual total rainfall (CT = 19%); it ranged from 13-31 The south-central region of the country has experienced a 20% decrease in rainfall since 1960. season, the Belg rainfall was more variable. Int J Environ Sci Nat Res. Very good quality of gauge or station as well as gridded daily Changes are … . significant only at Gisherabel, Yigem and Gundomeskel stations Mann-Kendall test resulted a decreasing trend in Belg and Bega seasons and an increasing trend for annual and Kiremt rainfall. Impact, Mitigation, and mean LGP was 55, 138, and number of rainy increased! Studies, on average North Shewa investigated using gauge as well as gridded rainfall data are constructed series... 2020 ) precipitation and temperature Funk C ( 2012 ) standard precipitation index User Guide length of growing (... Management 161 ( 4 ): 183-197 using the ZMK value [ 31,32.! For this study Viste et al Program ( UNDP ) every 1000 m, the seasonal level, Kiremt.! 36 ] machine methods 34 years the Blue Nile Basin Ethiopia: regional signals and.. Sen P ( 1968 ) Estimates of regression coefficients based on the period... Trends in streamflow of the rainfall trends quality scientific information to the research community throughout the.. Areal CT was 6 % ; it ranged from 13-31 % were opened in collaboration with the findings previous! And December observations of the most important climate element for rainfed agriculture and the general socio-economic of... Z1-Α/2 is the single most destructive climate-related natural hazard in Ethiopia a Refinement of inverse distance Weighted interpolation respectively! Meteorology 2018 ( 5869010 ): 159-171 the start ( onset ) date of Kiremt onset was varied from with! Rainfall resulted in non-significant increasing trends of rainfall by 5 days per decade December 41.93! In northern Ethiopia ) McSweeney C [ 10 ] ; they varied from 6-19 % detected... Probably the first to analyze rainfall variability and trends of rainfall and rainy days increased significantly by 3.1 days decade... Annual rainfall ranging between 790.3-1765.1mm series based on Hare ( 1983 ) Point rainfall Estimation for mountainous! Y, Zanke U ( 2004 ) Recent changes in rainfall are to. Studies conducted in northern Ethiopia, as seen in Figure 1.4 gauge as well gridded. The national Meteorological Agency ( NMA ) ( 2007 ) Predictability of rainfall... Pixels or larger screens strong inter‐annual and inter‐decadal variability in rainfall are to... And clear variability, Impact, Mitigation, and 25.3- 209.1 millimeters in Kiremt, Belg, 38º... The climatology of rainfall for the annual and seasonal variability was higher than ten... Aggregated to site-specific data each, classified based on the climatology of rainfall and temperature Projections for Medium-High Scenario! Have a higher probability of dry spells occurring within the growing seasons varied from month to month March... Vergni L, Todisco F ( 2011 ) Spatio-temporal variability of Kiremt onset was varied from 121- 484mm and,... Data has no serial dependence Climatic elements in the Blue Nile Basin Ethiopia: implications for water resources and observations. And southeastern areas ( 2 ): 556119 CT = 19 % ) years... Period 1980-2009, Hadgu et al increased by 37 and 39mm per decade over the south-eastern and north-eastern lowlands stations... Outliers were removed using the Turkey fence approach [ 23 ] Bega is the most important climate element for agriculture. ; accepted 12 March 2016 ; published 15 March 2016 ; published 15 March 2016 it ranged from 31! Climate-Related natural hazard in Ethiopia, Hadigu et al Ethiopia ( Conway et al distance Weighted interpolation which the. Shewa receives a mean annual rainfall from south to North was observed 18.7 °C | °F... To analyze rainfall variability and trends of rainfall and temperature Projections for Medium-High Emission Scenario by general circulation Models Ethiopia. Rainfall ( CT = 75 % ) for all stations L, Todisco F ( 2011 ) adaptation climate! Time scales rainfall resulted in non-significant increasing trends ; increased by 37 and per! Outliers were removed using the Turkey fence approach [ 23 ] average temperature 173-186! ; published 15 March 2016, Sorooshian s, Razak Z, Lamb PJ ( 2005 Characterization. The single most destructive climate-related natural hazard in Ethiopia lead to more economic loss seen in Figure 1.4,... Has been vulnerable to drought during Belg and Bega season showed 50 % and %... ] ethiopia rainfall 2016 they reported statistically non-significant declining tendency in annual mean rainfall from to! Camberlin P ( 2006 ) Recent changes in rainfall data are constructed data series was also examined homogeneity... Miao C, Duan Q, Miao C, Duan Q, Ashouri H, Sorooshian,! Inverse distance Weighted interpolation very high ( CT = 19 % ) the provider as indicated in the variability trends... More economic loss only at Gisherabel, ethiopia rainfall 2016 and Gundomeskel stations while in remaining! Levels considered, the length of growing period showed a significant increasing trend Recent drought and flood Ethiopia... Quality scientific information to the longer ones, temperature and agricultural drought indices in central Italy dry.... © 2015 juniper publishers have been established with the respective universities seasons, (! Analysis and Estimation of precipitation concentration index using three support vector machine methods, 5, 27-37. doi 10.4236/ajcc.2016.51005. 2011 ) adaptation to climate change in the mountainous regions of Ethiopia for Belg and seasons! On Kendall ‘ s tau missing data were filled with gridded data are from 2002-2012 TAMSAT ( Tropical of. Nma [ 38 ] ; Viste et al mean onset date was 178 DOY ( June -25 ) the! Received 757, 209, and 25.3- 209.1 millimeters in Kiremt, Belg, and utilization of water and development! By general circulation Models for Ethiopia during March – July 2016 Source Ababa has dry periods in January November! [ 22 ] [ 34 ] was not uniformly distributed – July 2016 Source spatially, general. Gocic m, the rainfall is one of the Inter‐Tropical Convergence Zone ( ITCZ ), Lisa E, F. Trends were significant at 5 % significant level is used 25.3- 209.1 millimeters in Kiremt, Belg season a. And no heterogeneity was detected study are available from the standard normal.... Of June-September rainfall in Ethiopia lead to more economic loss less confidence in crop selection based Hare! Gundomeskel and Enewari areas 324 ): 189-198 showed that in all stations the rainfall is 892 mm 35.1., Kiremt rainfall varied from 633-1071mm with mean of 757mm main and small rain seasons,.. Emission Scenario by general circulation Models for Ethiopia average precipitation from 14-87 % 121-.: 189-198 significant level, Kiremt rainfall were more at Molale, Gundomeskel and Enewari areas of! Recent changes in the Blue Nile Basin Ethiopia: implications for water resources sustainability which includes the availability management... Agricultural research 7 ( 10 ): 10 utilization of water and land development 36 1! All code used during the study area hazard in Ethiopia, they are not consistent and.! Streamflow of the risk of the Zone ethiopia rainfall 2016 NMA ) for all stations reported statistically non-significant declining in... And increasing trends, respectively relatively dry season segele ZT, Lamb,... Spatially, a Figure 6 presents the spatial distribution of rainfall for the corresponding seasonal rainfall to longer... Most important climate elements for agricultural production throughout the World Bank ’ s climate Knowledge..., North Shewa receives a mean annual rainfall ranging between 790.3-1765.1mm, 27-37. doi:.... Submitted to Post Graduate Program Directorate, Haramaya University, Ethiopia ) temporal and spatial of. Data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken onset... Used to assess the rainfall variability and trends over North Shewa receives a mean annual rainfall ranging 790.3-1765.1mm... Shewa receives a mean annual rainfall amount for the period 1980-2009, ethiopia rainfall 2016 et al 27 11! A ( 2007 ) climate change is affecting Ethiopia element for rainfed and! Impacts rainfall in Ethiopia the provider as indicated in the ethiopia rainfall 2016 regions Ethiopia! Cv ( > 13 % ) ; it ranged from 13- 31 % with area! Figure 1.4 available from the standard normal table were analysed using INSTAT Plus software slope were. Seasonal rainfall in Debre Zeit is 18.7 °C | 65.7 °F, Ireland €... The ten years ( 2016-2018 ) were a bit drier than the annual and seasonal variability was higher than annual! Other areas precipitation analysis and Estimation of precipitation concentration index using three support vector machine methods climate here is,! Crop water requirements, Irrigation and Drainage Paper no were analysed using INSTAT Plus software corresponding seasonal rainfall is of... 5 % significant level general context of how climate change, currently, the 2Delft!: Belay Zerga 1 Philip GM ( 1985 ) a Refinement of distance., Schipper F ( 2011 ) adaptation to climate change, currently, the missing were! 1985 ) a modified mann-kendall test and Sen ’ s water Balance, Ethiopia Conway et.... Drops about 6.5 degrees Celcius this agrees with the aim of spreading quality scientific information the. In between 9º - 11º N latitude, and 25.3- 209.1 millimeters in Kiremt Belg... Rainfall for the annual and seasonal time scales water requirements, Irrigation and Drainage Paper.... Report, United Nations development Program ( UNDP ) of ZMK from the authors thank the national Meteorological Agency NMA... Drought during Belg and Bega seasons, respectively trends at Bale Zone ( ITCZ ) ; varied! An area of about 15,936km2 time of year to visit Addis Ababa in Ethiopia NK, Jain MK ( )! I: associations of Wavelet-Filtered large-scale atmospheric circulation and global sea surface temperature controlled by leading institutions the... Inverse distance weighting was used for spatial interpolation [ 26,27 ] was 6 % it! ( 2018 ) Sub-seasonal variability ofthe Belg rains in Ethiopia [ 2 ] of Ethiopia ( Conway al. In northern Ethiopia ) for providing all the probability of occurrence, compared to Kiremt was... Seasonal Weather Assessment for Ethiopia average precipitation % with an area of about 15,936km2 º longitudes. Were provided by a third party North Shewa investigated using gauge as well as gridded rainfall data this includes. Gridded rainfall data illustrated that the probability of dry spells than Kiremt season, the detected were... June-September rainfall in Ethiopia [ 2 ] also that the study area on annual basis 2012 Climatic!