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H��W[��F~ׯ���!��G#���Ғ��VJ�lS��..����Y���E+y.g�9�w.�ZmO��3?��a�?Z7�)C(��&���V��k�F��W��v��Гj?���W'�J%��=���6=�b�o�)'Ù|�o ���I�Yݴ�Rm)�JyO)����*��[�q�����`=��G?6Qe`�S�����};���M��y�>ʶ����WYgٖ��uv�=K���W��6k�d�4+]�[�R���G�:��-��D���k�0T� �1��: �ۜ��l�uQ�;,Xk���aM�@�C�)�e����2�c�0f�-r �9D:����+�1:��p4l��$��~T�{A�`�5^^$�{;�;#knUdl�f� �3 Ethical not … Ethical the radical the principle self-interest for all one’s obligations. False Although this distinction might sound arbitrary, it is philosophically important. H�*��5�353W0P030�3�0T�05�32�P(J� endstream endobj 285 0 obj <>/Metadata 21 0 R/Outlines 37 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 282 0 R/StructTreeRoot 50 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 286 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 287 0 obj <>stream Universal Egoism. %PDF-1.5 %���� Perhaps the most notable advocates of ethical egoism were Ayn Rand and Max Stirner, each of whom argued (although in slightly different ways) that pursuit of ones self-interest should always be a persons primary goal. Rational egoism (also called rational selfishness) is the principle that an action is rational if and . The term ego means self. h��Xmo7�+�آ0N��E��4�����tY����.���=�t���'އ�Pt�H�"�T��B Handout 5: Ethical Egoism 1. 1 While psychological egoism purports to tell us how people do in fact behave, ethical egoism … ), Blackwell: Oxford. / of Ethical Relativism 56 For Further Reflection 60 For Further Reading 61 4 Egoism, Self-Interest, and Altruism 62 An Overview of the Problem 62 Psychological Egoism 66 Ethical Egoism 71 A Critique of Ethical Egoism 74 Attempted Refutations of Egoism 76 Evolution and Altruism 78 This form of ethical egoism promotes personal self-interest without attempting to influence others to do the same. 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