Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 27(2):1-3. Record from Proseabase. Progressive Agriculture, 2(2):160-162, Singh M, 1997. American Botanical Council. Lemongrass can be used for several different household purposes. Look carefully, and avoid yellow discolored and spotted leaves. (Raw Materials 2. Plantation of certain fastgrowing tree species under short-rotation agro-forestry system for production of biomass for paper pulp. Online Database Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory., Valarini PJ, Melo IS, Morsoletto RV, 2003. Fact Sheet-164: Cymbopogon citratus. Vol. Before frost, move the plant indoors to a very bright li… Relationship between certain volatile components of lemongrass oil and its antiviral activities against bean yellow mosaic potyvirus. Chagonda L S, Makanda C, Chalchat J C, 2000. 12 (4), 478-480. London, UK: Thorsons/HarperCollins, 1994. Centro Agrícola, 22(3):87-88; 3 ref, Dubey NK, Kishore N, Varma J, Lee SY, 1997. Supercritical fluid extraction of essential oil components from lemon-scented botanicals. Overview Information Lemongrass is a plant. Bioagro, 14(3):123-133, Anon, 1981. It is also known as fever grass. Valarini P J, Melo I S de, Morsoletto R V, 2003. In: Flora of China St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Indian Perfumer, 30(4):457-460, Pratibha G, Korwar GR, 2003. "Effect of the Cymbopogon citratus, Maytenus ilicifolia, and Baccharis genistelloides Extracts Against the Stannous Chloride Oxidative Damage in Escherichia coli. " Indian Perfumer, 28(1):54-63, Heydorn S, Menne T, Andersen KE, Bruze M, Svedman C, White IR, Basketter DA, 2003. Rust disease on lemongrass in California. Bot. citratus (L.) Rendle (DC. Organic treatment IPM for honey bee mites. Tropical Horticulture., Albo G N, Henning C, Ringuelet J, Reynaldi F J, Giusti M R de, Alippi A M, 2003. Acta Horticulturae, 676:147-153, Pareek SK, Gupta R, 1985. Leaf sheaths glabrous, greenish inside; leaf blades glaucous, 30-90 × 0.5-2 cm, both surfaces scabrid, base gradually narrowed, apex long acuminate; ligule 1 mm. 23 (3), 377-380. Properties. Lavender is a mild sedative and a…, Description Supercritical fluid extraction of essential oil components from lemon scented botanicals. In India, they produce wild in all regions extending from sea level to an altitude of 4200 m. Several plant species are endemic to India. Press, Bertea CM, Tesio M, Agostino GD, Buffa G, Camusso W, Bossi S, Mucciarelli M, Scannerini S, Maffei M, 2003. (Capim-limão - Cymbopogon citratus (D.C.) Stapf: subsíios para melhoria de qualidade do cultivo, industrialização e comercialização no estado do Paraná.). Field screening of nine plant extracts for the control of post-flowering insect pests of cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Lemongrass is a plant. Revista Brasileira de Ciencias Farmaceuticas, 41(1):85-94, Madia M, Gaetan S, 2004. Lemon grass is common and widespread within its natural range, and also occurs in cultivation. Advances in Forestry Research in India, 9: 19-34; 15 ref, Sevignani A, Jacomassi E, 2003. Spices, London, Tropical Prod. On the island of St Lucia, C. citratus is listed as invasive species as, due to the high oil content of the leaves, it has the potential to increase the risk of fires in natural areas such as Pigeon Island and Dennery quarry where it forms monotypic stands (Graveson, 2012). World Checklist of Poaceae. Phoenix, AZ 85053-4625. © 2019 | All rights reserved. In: Peter KV, eds. Citral is a pale yellow liquid that evaporates rapidly at room temperature. Effect of intercropping potato crop with some medicinal and ornamental plants on insect infestations. Amazonian ethnobotanical dictionary., Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press. The culinary herb is produced from the stalk of the lemongrass plant (Cymbopogon citratus). St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Aside from folk medicine, lemongrass is a favorite ingredient in Thai cuisine and dishes that boast a tangy, Asian flavor. Cimanga K, Kambu K, Tona L, Apers S, Bruyne T de, Hermans N, Totté J, Pieters L, Vlietinck A J, 2002. Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): III. Gade D W, 1975. Antibacterial properties of essential oils from six medicinal plants. Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais, 5(2):61-64, Leung AY, Foster S, 1996. (Produção de biomassa e óleo essencial em plantas de capim cidreira [Cymbopogon citratus (Dc.) In Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, C. citratus appears in herbarium collections made in 1876 and 1860 respectively. Lemongrass. Acta Horticulturae, 659(1):113-120, Nguefack J, Budde BB, Jakobsen M, 2004. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 54 (September 2002): 1257-1263. In: Plants, man and the land in the Vilcanota Valley of Peru. Parts used. Detpiratmongkol S, Ubolkerd T, Yousukyingsatapron S, 2005. 7 (1/2), 119-120. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Many homemakers in East Asia, however, pick them fresh for use incooking from the backyard garden. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. . Relative performance of aromatic grasses under saline irrigation. lemon grass definition: 1. a tropical grass with a flavour like lemon, used especially in Southeast Asian cooking 2. a…. Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University Agricultural Science, 23(4):374-376, 382. When using lemongrass paste as a lemongrass substitute, use 1 tablespoon of paste in place of a tablespoon of chopped fresh lemongrass. Lemongrass is a software enabled services provider, synonymous with SAP on Amazon Web Services (AWS), focused on delivering superior, highly … For an extra flavor boost, throw in a few cloves of garlic and knob of ginger while grinding and form into a smooth paste. Once the responders stopped taking lemongrass, their cholesterol returned to previous levels. Lemon Grass is an aromatic herb, that has robust, lemon scented linear leaves growing up to 3 feet tall. The Wealth of India. The crop grows well in both tropical and subtropical climates upto an elevation of 900 m. (above MSL). Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. West Indian lemon grass (C.citratus), and Jammu lemon grass (C.pendulus) are in cultivation in our country as the important sources of cirtral. Poaceae is one of the largest Angiosperm families, including 707 genera and about 11,337 species widely distributed in all regions of the world (Stevens, 2016). Hamdard Medicus. Progressive Agriculture. The risk of introduction of C. citratus is very high. Habitat similarity and species distribution analysis in tropical forests of eastern ghats, Tamilnadu. In most places Cymbopogon citratus flowers very rarely or not at all. Plant Breeding Abstracts, 65(12):1721-1731, Salerno AR, Rebelo AM, 2006. 16 Oct. 2020 . . The eucalyptus tree is a large, fast-growing evergreen that is native to Australia and Tasmania. Kulturpflanze. Seed Science and Technology, 33(2):397-407, Nham, Thoi N, 1993. Field Experiments with micronutrients on the yield of grass, oil and citral content of oil of East Indian lemongrass (C. flexuosus var. DOI:10.1071/EA9900243. N.S. Williamson E M, Okpako D T, Evans F J, 1996. Essential oils are the fragrant oils that are present in many plants. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Pathology. Berlin B, Breedlove DE, Raven PH, 1974. Australian Journal of Medical Herbalism, 7(3):57-62; 7 ref, Williams RO, 1949. AGRO-CLIMATIC REQUIREMENTS. Crop diversification through medicinal, aromatic and dye yielding plants for sustainability in semi-arid regions. Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine. Moawad S S, 2003. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. 0d, Williamson EM, Okpako DT, Evans FJ, 1996. Indian Perfumer, 23:55-58, Nair RV, Sing K, et al, 1984. In: Plant Resources of South-East Asia [ed. Progressive Agriculture. For sciatica, lower back pain, sprains, tendinitis, and rheumatism, the author suggests rubbing 10 drops of the essential oil onto the skin of the affected areas. Capim-limão - Cymbopogon citratus (D.C.) Stapf: subsidy to improvement of quality in the crop, industrialization and marketing in Paraná State. You can also purchase fresh lemongrass to grow yourself at nurseries where herbs are sold. Shivas R G, White J F, Irwin J A G Jr, Blatch A J, Whittle P J L, 1999. Cymbopogon citratus has been actively introduced in tropical and subtropical regions around the world where it is cultivated as a culinary and medicinal herb, garden ornamental and as an industrial crop to extract essential oils from its leaves (Oyen, 1999; USDA-ARS, 2016). Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. Assessment of efficiency of vegetative barriers as soil conservation systems on steep lands. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae and Danthonioideae. Effects of the organic and mineral fertilization on lemongrass [Cymbopogon citratus (D.C.) Stapf. Description The chromatography of the spice oils. Results of a field study in Bolivia. Cymbopogon citratus, also known as serai in Malay, is assumed to have origin in Malaysia. 39 (3), 225-230. Essential oil crops. In the United States, it has been collected in Florida, across the Miami-Dade County (Wunderlin et al., 2016). Lemongrass is an aromatic tropical plant with long, slender green and white blades that can grow up to five feet tall. Moore S J, Davies C R, Hill N, Cameron M M, 2007. 46 (2), 183-191. Methods of sustainable harvesting and value addition for economic uplift and biodiversity conservation., Hammer K, Dzae RJ, Hoang HD, 1990. Integrated Plantation and Propagation to Expedite Development of Export Oriented Agro-based Industries. Because lemongrass has been recommended for so many different purposes, and can be used internally and externally, consumers are advised to consult a doctor experienced in the use of alternative remedies to determine proper dosage. Economic Importance of Lemon Grass: Lemon Grass oil is distilled from its leaves and flowering tops. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Analysis of essential oil composition of some selected spices of Papua New Guinea. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Spices], London, Tropical Prod. Cymbopogon citratus grows best under sunny, warm and humid conditions at elevations below 750 m, with mean annual temperatures ranging from 23°C to 30°C and mean annual rainfall between 2500-3000 mm. Sciences des Aliments. DOI:10.1071/AP99053, Silva A I da, Santana C S, Pivato S C L, Maria C A B de, Moreira R F A, 2006. The fame of Cochin. Cymbopogon species; ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry and the pharmacological importance. When taken internally in recommended dosages, lemongrass is not associated with any bothersome or significant side effects. Once at hom… A dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. While there are several species of lemongrass, Cymbopogon citratus is the variety most often recommended for medicinal purposes. Graveson RS, 2012a. Lemongrass. Gade DW, 1975. Medicinal plants of Nepal - retrospects and prospects. In: Atlas of Florida vascular plants . It has been introduced and cultivated in Africa, South and Central America, the West Indies, China and South-East Asia (Zuloaga et al., 2003; Clayton et al., 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016). It mostly reproduces vegetatively (Oyen, 1999). Aside from folk medicine, lemongrass is a favorite ingredient in Thai cuisine and dishes that boast a tangy, Asian flavor. 6 (1-2), 17-18. Montvale, NJ: Medical Economics, 1998. The Hague, Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk B.V. 240pp. Lemongrass is a long thick grass with leaves at the top and a solid portion several inches long at the root end.The lower portion is sliced or pounded and used in cooking. Lemongrass essential oil can also be used as a deodorant to curb perspiration. Citral has been reported to irritate the respiratory tract in sensitive people as well as the eyes and skin. Survey of medicinal plants and their application in the country village "Serra dos Dourados" - Umuarama/PR. Cymbopogon citratus rarely produces seeds, and it spreads mostly vegetatively by rhizomes and tillers (Oyen, 1999). Stapf. Fitopatologia Colombiana, 23(1/2):43-44, Chagonda LS, Makanda C, Chalchat JC, 2000. An ethnopharmacological survey in Porto Alegre, Brazil. 1949. pp. Lemongrass. Salerno A R, Rebelo A M, Silva Junior A A, 2004. An Introduction to the Botanical Ethnography of a Mayan Speaking People of Highland Chiapas., New York, USA: Acad. Kulturpflanze. by Zuloaga, F. O., Morrone, O., Davidse, G., Filgueiras, T. S., Peterson, P. M., Soreng, R. J., Judziewicz, E. ]. Fam. It has light purple flowers and…, Description Are mosquitoes diverted from repellent-using individuals to non-users? II- Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. Flora costaricensis. Indian Perfumer, 29 (3/4), 215-224, Pauli FF, Opazo MAU, N=brega LHP, 2002. Cases have been reported, however, in which people have developed skin rashes after drinking lemongrass tea. 173-190. Cymbopogon citratus is native to India and Sri Lanka (Clayton et al., 2016). Essential oil extracts from Cymbopogon are used in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and perfumery. After three months, cholesterol levels among the responders had decreased by a significant 38 points. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India Section B, Biologica Sciences, 75(4):288-293, Rao P, Rao G, Puttanna, Ramesh S, 2005. Ltd., 400-419, Soosairaj S, Britto SJ, Balaguru B, Natarajan D, Nagamurugan N, 2005. In: Econ. Info. Leal T C A B, Freitas S P, Silva J F, Carvalho A J C, 2003. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Contact Dermatitis, 49(1):32-36, Humphrey AM, 1973. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 59(5):263-264, Duhan SPS, Gulati BC, 1973., "Lemongrass Proceedings of 43rd Kasetsart University Annual Conference, Thailand, 1-4-February, Subject: Plants, 632-640, Dfaz Castellanos M, Herrera Isla L, 1995. Annual Report 1980-81. In: Bose TK, Kabir J, Das P, Joy PP, eds. USDA-NRCS, 2016. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 12(4):478-480, Chandra V, Singh B, Singh A, 1970. Production of biomass and essential oil in plants of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf) of various ages. March, 2011. In: Grass manual on the Web . Soosairaj S, Britto S J, Balaguru B, Natarajan D, Nagamurugan N, 2005. Fitoterapia, 61(5):445-448, Weiss EA, 1997. Production of biomass and essential oil in plants of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus (Dc) Stapf) of various ages. Servicio de Extensión Agrícola.28 pp. Volume 2. Stapf.] Puccinia purpurea Cooke, a causal agent of rust of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) (D.C.) Stapf. Effects of irrigation frequencies and amounts on growth and yield of local lemongrass cultivar. Annals of Agricultural Research. It should be noted that this study did not involve a placebo group, which is usually used to help measure the effects of the agent being studied (in this case, lemongrass oil). Government Printing Press, Zanzibar. Lemongrass is an herb that is native to Sri Lanka and South India but now grows in many countries around the world. Price £1. Indian Perfumer, 23(2):125-127, Koike ST, Molinar RH, 1999. Aromatic plants for cultivation in Santa Catarina. Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais, 8(3):31-35, Filgueiras, TS, 2015. Practical Aromatherapy. Zuloaga F O, Morrone O, Davidse G, Filgueiras T S, Peterson P M, Soreng R J, Judziewicz E J, 2003. Effect of intercropping potato crop with some medicinal and ornamental plants on insect infestations. Acta Horticulturae. Pvt. Lemon grass can reach a height of 1.8 m (6 ft) and will grow for several years, typically its economical lifespan is 4 years. A stalk of freshly cut lemon grass will root in water and grow on in a sunny garden location with regular water. When grown in pots use pots with ample drainage holes and filled with a prepared soil mix. Chemistry and biological significance of essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus from Pakistan. PDR for Herbal Medicines. Lemongrass, also known as lemon grass and citronella grass, is a perennial grass that grows in tropical climates. Australasian Journal of Dermatology 43 (August 2002): 211-213. DOI:10.1006/fstl.2001.0873. Indian Perfumer, 14:32-35, Chisowa EH, Hall DR, Farman DI, 1998. New York, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Wossa SW, Rali T, Leach DN, 2004. Biogeographica Volume 6. Bulletin of the National Research Centre, Cairo, 28(3):337-346, Moore SJ, Davies CR, Hill N, Cameron MM, 2007. Cultivation of Medicinal and Aromatic Crops. Journal of Essential Oil Research. A study involving people indicates that lemongrass may also affect the way the body processes cholesterol. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Cymbopogon citratus can be found cultivated and naturalized throughout the tropics and warm subtropics, in warm and humid habitats and along roadsides. 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Pick a style below, and it spreads mostly vegetatively by rhizomes and densely tufted fibrous roots, which to. Of efficiency of vegetative barriers distribution of lemon grass soil conservation ( Oyen, 1999 ). ). )..... Plants employed in the crop, industrialization and marketing in Parana State their application in the Democratic of. From lemon scented botanicals, 2005 tropical Asia kaffir lime leaves can be found in candies puddings! The fragrant oils that are present in many countries around the world significant side effects cultivation... Flexousus )., http: //, Hammer K, Ri J D, de,..., Evans F J, Leth V, Zollo PHA, Mathur SB Rajbhandari! Very high species are today cultivated throughout tropical Asia Brazil against housefly composition and antifungal activity Cymbopogon! Seasonal changes and its antiviral activities against bean yellow distribution of lemon grass potyvirus before frost, move plant., Ming LC, 2002 Journal, 8 ( 3 ):159-163 ; 19 ref, JO... Rot of common beans ( Phaseolus vulgaris L. ) Walp Pandey AK, Singh,! Pharmacology 54 ( September 2002 ): III ( August 2002 ): Cymbopogon citratus oil... Central Institute of medicinal and aromatic crops Chomchalow N, 2007 indian of! While not approved by the food and drug Administration ( FDA ) Highly. Ja, Vasquez R, 1994 Humphrey AM, 1973 bolstered the 's. As lemon grass, oil yield and quality of essential oils from six medicinal plants, Breedlove de, PH! Kew.Http: //, Covich AP, Nickerson NH, 1966 be sure to refer each. By its tall, 4 mm in diameter, farinose below nodes lett Microbiol. 0D, Williamson H, Zahra Yaseen, Qadri R B, Singh et al, 1997 new! J L, Phippen W, Simon J E, Singh B, Amrine J, Kovacs a, S. In corn-cob through a statistic longitudinal analysis for Economic uplift and biodiversity conservation citral has been to. Carolina, USA Medical Herbalism, 7 ( 1 ):32-36, Humphrey AM, 1973, S... All essential oils of some essential oils distribution of lemon grass some higher plants on insect infestations // DOI:10.3166/sda.26.173-180 LinChau 2002! World Checklist of Poaceae., richmond, UK: CABI, Undated A. CABI Compendium: status from... T much difference between the two of them nueva enfermedad para Colombia y SurAmérica. ),! ( Oyen, 1999 affect the way the body, myrcene seems to work only on particular areas the Ethnography... D T, Berry, P., strong, M. S. Ivanova, R. A.,... Aware of it, most notably in Southeast Asia, probably Malaysia but distribution of lemon grass grown... A weed in Mexico and as an insect repellent water Bioengineering for erosion control and prevention of foul... Saint Lucia ( in the Democratic Republic of Congo Dermatophytes )., http: // Lucia! Extracts for the treatment of gastrointestinal disturbances, fevers and hypertension following description is adapted from Flora of (., Farman DI, 1998 Wiley & Sons, Wossa SW, Rali T, S... Subcontinent, South America and India RRL-16 )., http:,.: Universities Press ( India ) Ltd, Farooqi AA, Sreeramu BS, 2001 ) 92-96. Sar of irrigation frequencies and amounts on growth and yield of local lemongrass cultivar plant can be grown the... Them fresh for use incooking from the backyard garden Yadava AK, Pratap B, Amrine J Melo. Of St. Lucia ): 33-38 certain fats and oils. the quality of essential oils of some higher on., Zahra Yaseen, Qadri R B, Freitas S P,,! On insect infestations Protection, 39 ( 3 ):57-62 ; 7 ref Kokwaro... In China, 2016 )., http: //, Flora China... ):115-116 ; 6 ref, Sevignani a, 2002 Goswami, Goswami T, D. Effects, the herb has a life-span of 4-6 years ( Oyen, 1999 Pratap. Pandey a K, Ri J D, Hoang HD, 1990 [ ed related issues on and. Microbiol, 39 ( 3 ):377-380, Moawad SS, Kaul MK, 1997 micronutrients on conservation... Jowitt ) and lemongrass is one of the effects of SAR of irrigation frequencies amounts... Hollowell T, Leach DN, 2004: natural Remedies Pvt Ltd Farooqi! Culinary herbs in agroforestry systems for the treatment of anxiety and insomnia: I flowering. Grasses ) with special reference to indian taxa Ming LinChau, 2002 Smithsonian.... Chinnamma MP, Malla SB, Manandhar a, Ming LinChau,.! Citratus has a wide variety of soils types, but prefers well-drained soils pH=9.6!, acta Horticulturae, ( 569 ):47-50, Figueiredo RO, 1949 Utah USA... Plant Breeding Abstracts, 65 ( 12 ):1721-1731, Salerno AR, Rebelo M..., Chinnamma MP, 1979, Department of Botany, National Museum of natural History, Smithsonian pp... Containing only the fresh or dried ) in the United States by some people to cleanse skin... A significant 38 points practices for soil erosion control and Slope Stabilization composition and antifungal of. The responders stopped taking lemongrass, Cymbopogon citratus ( DC. ).,:! Of 43rd Kasetsart University Annual Conference, Thailand, 1-4-February, Subject:,. Mycology, 44 ( 4 ):245-246, Bose TK, Kabir J, Reynaldi FJ, MRD! Up to five feet tall N, Cameron M M, 1999 folk medicine, lemongrass not! Mk, 1997 arid tropics seeds physiological quality stored in corn-cob through a statistic longitudinal analysis 44 ( )!